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Vue vs React vs Angular: What framework would you choose?

Vue vs React vs Angular: What framework would you choose?

March 26, 2020
by Yuliia Illiv

This blog is a broad-gauge comparison of three most popular JavaScript frameworks: Vue vs React vs Angular, and in case you’re a developer in the making or currently thinking of launching your own project using one of these popular frameworks, we hope it will be helpful to pick the right solution for you.

Since recently, there were two major players on the front-end arena: Google-released Angular and React — a JavaScript library developed by Facebook. Though, in 2018 one more strong player entered the competition showing the ambitions to be recognized as the most favorable of JavaScript frameworks — Vue js.

Vue vs React vs Angular

Before getting deeper into the general comparison of these popular frameworks, let’s have a look at their origin.

A brief history of Angular, React and Vue

Angular

A Google employee, Misko Hevery, was working on a side project aimed at simplifying the process of building web applications. The solution he found out was released in 2010 as an open-source project under the name AngularJS and came into active usage by some big brands.

Several years after, new advancements in JavaScript emerged, and the team was forced to rewrite AngularJS from scratch as based on TypeScript. The framework name dropped “JS” to omit the confusion. The updates take place twice a year and the last one — Angular 9 was released on February 6, 2020.

React

An unchanged leader among the most popular JavaScript frameworks, React was developed by Facebook to meet the needs of its products, and successfully presented and open-sourced to the tech audience in 2013. The elaboration of React takes roots from its early prototype created by Jordan Walke — “Fax.js”, first deployed in 2011 in Facebook’s News Feed. The latest version 16.13.0 was released on February 26, 2020.

Vue.js

The former Google employee Evan You after years of working with Angular decided to create a lightweight framework that would contain the best features of the aforementioned. An open-source framework Vue.js was released in February 2014 and since then is gaining extreme popularity. The latest version 2.6 Macross was released on February 4, 2019.

Angular, React and Vue.js popularity

Angular vs React popularity is the opposition as old as the hills. Both of them are capable, up-to-date, and extensively used JavaScript frameworks that faced a significant change: their “duel” turned into a “truel” — Angular vs React popularity vs Vue.js popularity. We’ll have a look at four main measures to find out the most popular one: NPM trends, Stack Overflow Survey, GitHub stars, and open job offerings.

  1. React remains to be the most popular of the JavaScript frameworks as to Node Package Manager reports. Taking into account the period from December 2018 to July 2020, it has got approximately five times more downloads a year than Vue.js and thirteen times more than Angular.

downloads per year

  1. According to Stack Overflow Developer Survey Results 2019, React is the most loved by developers (74,5%) followed by Vue.js (73,6) and only then Angular.js (57,6%).

most loved web frameworks

  1. The fourth edition of JavaScript Rising Stars that estimate the number of stars added on GitHub annually shows striking statistics: Vue.js takes the first place with 31,4k stars, leaving React with 22,4k stars on the second place and Angular.js (12k stars) on the fourth.

  2. Searching on indeed on July 8, 2020, showed the following results: React has 43,678 job offerings, Angular has 10,458 job offerings, and Vue.js has 1,391.

Therefore, we can undoubtedly claim that React is a winner in terms of finding a job and its long-lasting popularity among the developers. Though, we can also witness Vue.js vs React opposition getting intensified as to Vue.js community adherence. Angular is also keeping its stable middle position getting positive feedback from both: developers and employers.

Angular, Vue.js and React components

The performance of the framework is determined by the most valuable parts — its components. Their workflow is related to the way in which it receives the input data, and the way it responds to that data.

Angular

Components of Angular are named directives. They are markers on DOM elements, which are tracked by Angular. Angular separates the UI parts of components as attributes of HTML tags and their behavior in the form of JavaScript code.

React

Contrary to Angular, React combines the UI and components behavior. To put it simply, the same part of the code is responsible for UI element creation and command of its behavior.

Vue.js

In Vue.js UI and behavior are a part of the components. The framework is also very customizable which allows combining UI and components behavior within a script.

Vue vs React vs Angular performance and framework size

Angular

Angular uses a real DOM, therefore it’s best suited for the single-page-applications where content is updated from time to time. It makes the process of updating much slower and in case of losing the flow, it will take a lot of time to find out the issue. Thankfully to the two-way data binding process, all the changes made in the Model are replicated into the views in a secure and efficient way. Due to the wide range of features available, the application is much heavier (approximately 500KB) in comparison to Vue and React that slows down the performance a little.

React

Contrary to Angular, React uses a virtual DOM that enhances the performance of all-sizes applications that need regular content updates. Single-direction data allows better control over the project. The disadvantage might be the need of developers to constantly upgrade their skills as to the constantly evolving nature of React. As React doesn’t provide a wide range of libraries, its size is much smaller than the size of Angular (approximately 100KB).

Vue.js

Vue also uses a virtual DOM, so the changes within a project are made without affecting the DOM properly. Vue possesses the smallest size of the three (approximately 80KB ) which significantly speeds up its performance.

To conclude, considering performance, Vue and React are more convenient in developing easy-to-maintain and bug-free web applications.

The simplicity of the process of mastering a new framework matters a lot if one is considering learning it or training someone. So, which of them is the most learning-friendly?

Angular, Vue and React learning curve

Vue.js is probably the easiest to learn. And it’s dictated by two major reasons:

  1. It doesn’t require a special setup. To start, you just need to import the Vue library into HTML file and add some JS (but for bigger Vue projects). No need to learn big special syntax. The usage of Vue is based on JavaScript and HTML, enhancing it with directives like v-for that are pretty self-explanatory.

  2. Angular and React require a more complex project setup. Though, the task is simplified by the availability of fitting setups: create-react-app, Angular CLI, and Vue CLI (for more complex projects).

Mastering Angular and React also requires learning TypeScript or JSX syntax correspondingly.

Though, the learning curve of Angular is considered to be much steeper than of React. It’s a complex framework that is constantly developed and offers multiple options to solve a single problem.

React also requires constant learning as it’s frequently updated but learning it comes much easier with tutorial for beginners and basic JavaScript knowledge. The main difficulty is the Redux library.

Vue, Angular and React use cases

Angular

Being developed by Google, it’s actively used in its AdWords applications for maximizing the performance. Among other famous web resources that utilize Angular, we can name the Guardian, Lego, Nike, PayPal, and Weather.com.

React

Initially designed for Facebook, React is still actively used by the company for creating a variety of its products. Twitter, Instagram, Whatsapp, and WordPress also embrace this framework.

Vue.js

Unlike Angular and React, Vue doesn’t have powerful patrons to implement it in each of its products. Though thankfully to its flexibility, it has gained popularity among such popular brands: 9Gag, Nintendo, GitLab, and Grammarly.

Vue vs React vs Angular — a comparative table

comparative table

We hope the comparison was useful for you and will be glad if you share your opinion about Angular, React, and Vue opposition. By the way, if you have any questions or want to receive more information on this topic, drop us a line, and we’ll help you to choose perfect technology for your startup.


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